One of the problems major burn victims have is that, using the current protocols for artificial skin, they need to wait a number of weeks in order for it to be grown, using patient’s own healthy skin.
Spanish scientists, from the Tissue Engineering Research Group, Department of Histology at the University of Granada, have managed, for the first time, to grow artificial skin from stem cells of umbilical cord. Their study, published in the journal Stem Cells Translational Medicine, shows the ability of Wharton’s jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells to turn to oral-mucosa or skin-regeneration epithelia.
This important scientific breakthrough will aid the immediate use of artificially-grown skin for major burn patients, as the skin could be stored in tissue banks and made available when needed.
To grow the artificial skin, the researchers used, in addition this new type of epithelia covering, a biomaterial made of fibrin and agarose, already designed and developed by the University of Granada research team. The work has been carried out in the laboratories of the Faculty of Medicine, alongside the Experimental Unit of the Granada ‘Virgen de las Nieves’ University Hospital Complex.
Previous studies from this same research team, which received recognition in the World Congress on Tissue Engineering, held in Seoul a few months ago, already pointed to the possibility that Wharton’s jelly-derived stem cells could be turned into epithelia cells.
This current work is the confirmation of those initial studies and its application to two regeneration structures: skin and oral mucosa, increasingly needed in injuries in these parts of the body.
One of the problems that major burn victims currently have is that in order to apply the current techniques of artificial skin, a number of weeks are needed because the skin needs to be grown from parts of the patient’s healthy skin.
‘Creating this new type of skin using stem cells, which can be stored in tissue banks, means that it can be used instantly when injuries are caused, and which would bring the application of artificial skin forward many weeks,’ said Antonio Campos, Professor of Histology at the University of Granada, and one of the authors of this study.
To carry out this research, in addition to the researchers from the Department of Histology at the University of Granada (Ingrid Garzón, Miguel González Andrades, Mª Carmen Sánchez Quevedo, Miguel Alaminos and Antonio Campos), researchers from the Department of Cellular Biology at the University of Granada (Ramón Carmona), from the University of Valencia (Carmen Carda) and from the University of Florianopolis, Brazil (Juliano Miyake), were also involved.